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Behind the Curtain: Examining Haute Cuisine in Paris

More than 100 years ago, a tire company named Michelin began telling people about their best options for eating while motoring around the country. Travelers wanted to know what was worth a detour or a special journey, and that’s still the case today. The question I’m most frequently asked by our readers is where to go for a special blow-out meal. You want to celebrate a birthday, an anniversary, a victory. You want to seal a deal, whether business or pleasure. You’re willing to drop some cash, but you don’t want to feel like a fool.

Until now, I’ve had a hard time answering this question. I know well the landscape of the city’s classic bistrosmodern French restaurants, and food-loving wine bars, but this class of two- and three-star tables is a different terrain entirely. There’s an obvious barrier to understanding these restaurants: the staggering, outrageous, almost immoral price of a meal. Prior to this project, in which I anonymously tested every three-star restaurant in Paris over a period of twelve weeks, I had only visited a handful.

Bills for haute cuisine study |
L’addition, s’il vous plaît: €7150 worth of restaurant bills

Writers, who earn very little money, rarely have the means to spend several hundred euros on a single meal, much less a repeat visit. Publications are no longer willing to reimburse this expense. With the exception of a small number of independently wealthy bloggers, the overwhelming majority of articles about haute cuisine are based on free meals.

A recent example: when Alain Ducasse reopened his gastronomic restaurant at Le Plaza Athénée (ADPA) this fall, he invited nearly every food writer in Paris to come with a guest and dine for free. This has long been happening at the level of major publications (both French and international), but this sort of full-court press to seduce bloggers is something new. For writers who are struggling to be taken seriously, it’s hugely flattering to be asked.

dear meg

And really, who’s going to turn down the opportunity to be hosted in this manner? I don’t know anyone who declined the offer. I myself accepted, but only after I had first booked and dined anonymously, paying the entire bill of 1084€ out of pocket. It was the most expensive and by far the worst meal I experienced during this project. The free meal, which I returned for three weeks later, wasn’t much better.

Unsurprisingly, nearly all of the published press about ADPA has been positive. Some critics have opted to remain silent about their negative experiences as a friendly gesture to the hand that feeds them (and in some cases lodges them). This is a problem because it doesn’t help our readers decide where to spend their money.

Alain Ducasse at the Plaza Athenee |
Alain Ducasse au Plaza Athénée

I don’t say this to disparage writers who accept free meals. The publications we work for are no longer paying for these experiences. We’re supposed to know something about a tier of restaurants that the rest of the world holds up to be the pinnacle of haute cuisine, but we can’t afford to go on our own dime.

Out of this frustration and inability to confidently advise our readers, I decided to put our dimes – the profits from our Paris food tours – toward a serious study of haute cuisine in Paris. 

In a single season (September-December) I visited sixteen of the top restaurants in Paris, including all nine that hold three Michelin stars, six that hold two Michelin stars, and one (ADPA) that previously held three stars but lost them when they closed for renovations.

Paris by Mouth Study of Haute Cuisine in Paris

For each visit, I booked and dined anonymously under a false name. I brought a different guest each time and, for the sake of comparison, we always ordered the lunchtime tasting menu if one was available. We did not skimp on wine, water or coffee. There were no allergies or other dietary considerations to worry about.

In total, we spent a whopping 7150 on this experiment. I tasted more than 200 individual compositions during more than 65 hours at the table. 

Prices for the lunch menu varied dramatically. At 380€ per person, the most expensive restaurant Alain Ducasse at the Plaza Athénée was more than five times the price of Astrance, the least expensive one. The number of dishes per meal (including amuses and mignardises) also varied widely from a modest 8 tastes at L’Ambroisie to 29 different offerings at Pierre Gagnaire.

Price of Haute Cuisine Restaurants in Paris |

From a more qualitative perspective, these restaurants, which are usually treated as one uniform category because of their Michelin starred status, display radically diverse approaches to cooking and to the overall dining experience. What’s more, the settings are completely different. One is housed in in a glittering palace, and another more closely resembles a conference center.

Over the next few days, in anticipation of Michelin’s newest rankings for France (to be released on February 1st), we’ll be publishing a series of articles about the following:

  • Which of these is best right now (for you)? If you’re going to spend the money, which of these is most likely to deliver?
  • What are the most exciting dishes being served in these restaurants right now?
  • Is this really where the action is? Do these Michelin stars represent what’s most interesting in Paris dining right now?

Of course, the opinion of one writer is never the full story. We trust you’ll share your own experiences and notes about dazzling and disastrous meals in the comments.

Paris by Mouth special report on haute cuisine in Paris |

10 thoughts on “Behind the Curtain: Examining Haute Cuisine in Paris”

  1. We had been planning to eat at Le Pré Catalan last Spring but after reading your article we switched to L’Astrance. The meal was superb, the perfect way to finish a week eating our way through Paris. It also was a ridiculous bargain (although I thought most of my meals were pretty reasonable compared to New York).

    This blog was a big part of why our trip was such a success. The walking tour of the 5e with Phyllis was another. Thanks for helping make eating in Paris the wonderful experience it was meant to be.

  2. Indeed, as noted by quite a few commentators this is an interesting new insight about the so called haute cuisine.
    There seems to be a deep respect and awe by the media about the starred restaurants.I have been to most of them and to quite a few in Spain.Ac.actually the ones in Spain are better.
    To me the merit of these restaurants is the fact that its pure theater.The surroundings,the service and the presentations.
    The food of course is quite good in general but not worth the outrageous prices

  3. What are your thoughts on the wine lists? There are a lot of starred restaurants that ask you to drink total bath water with their food (and pay north of 300 euro for it) otherwise settle for some sort of aggrandized peasant wine by the glass. Restaurants like la tour d’argent get a lot of flack for the food, but you can actually buy premier cru burgundy from a good domaine and a middle of the road year for under 200.

  4. i was at the new ducasse plaza athenee. And, i was not comped! I have eaten in most of those restos on my own dime. I wont endeavour to compare them here. But this i can say. My meal at ducasse was outstanding. What ducasse is doing at the plaza athenee is at the leading edge of what is becoming recognized as healthy cuisine: low fat, a mostly plant based menu featuring no meats or fowl of any kind, and little fish or shellfish. I also consider what he has had the guts to move forward with, a breakthrough!

  5. In my former life as a meat purveyor to some of the most expensive restaurants in the US
    we were able to do something similar but in the country side of France
    My take away than was the more enjoyable meals were in the 1 and 2 star establishments
    Most 3 stars catered exclusively to Americans who were disdained by the staff
    and truly exciting meals were few and far between and all were comparatively over-priced.

  6. Correction: I have experienced 10, not 9, of these restaurants. Reading Meg’s review has reminded me I’ve also been to L’Ambroisie. The fact that I’d forgotten should be sufficient comment.

  7. It is crucial you detail the wine you drank.
    All too often foodies, etc. almost completely ignore the “other half” of the French meal.

  8. Personally, this couldn’t come at a better time. We’ll be in Paris in early April (our umpteenth time), and have dined at many of these restaurants over the years in different permutations…and we’ve also eaten at many 2-star and 3-star around France and Spain, and do believe that in France particularly, some of these starred restaurants are less than stellar.

    Having said that, the last two ‘blow-outs’ (3 years apart) in Paris have been at Epicure–we think it’s everything a 3-star should be: wonderful food, beautiful room, perfect service. Looking forward to your posts, and thanks!

  9. Speaking as someone who has dined (or, more often, lunched) in 9 of these over the years, I must say in all sincerity that this is quite the heroic undertaking. Any effort to demystify these sacred cows is praiseworthy, but the investment in money and time involved here, as well as the systematic way you’ve gone about it, makes this sound really extraordinary.

    It’s not so much that the Michelin-starred restaurants need taking down a peg; initiatives like Le Fooding and the 50 Best Restaurants list have been doing that for years. Yet they retain such an aura that some kind of rational guide has been badly needed. I look forward to reading the articles.

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